Note: Statements and items on this website are not evaluated or approved by the FDA. Consult your healthcare provider before use. Not intended to diagnose, treat, prevent, or cure, any ailments, conditions, diseases, etc. I am not a doctor, a scientist, or medical professional. Nothing on this website should be taken as a medical claim. I back up everything I say with academic citations which can be found at the bottom of every page in the references section. Thanks.
Mullein is one of my favorite medicinal plants. The leaves are soft, large, and fuzzy. Because of this, it has often gone by the nickname "Cowboy Toilet-paper". It contains a range of fascinating pharmacological phytochemicals, the most prized one being Mucilage. Mucilage sounds a lot like "Mucinex" doesn't it? According to academic sources, it has been used for the alternative treatment of inflammatory ailments, asthma, spasmodic coughs, diarrhea(yikes..) and other respiratory ailments. It's even been studied for its antibacterial and antitumor potential. Research has demonstrated that extracts of this herb produced antibacterial activity against Klebsiella pneumonia, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Escherichia coli. This is impressive indeed.
Mullein is very easy to grow. The hardest part in this case, is getting the tiny Mullein seeds to germinate. Simple sprinkle them on the top of some high quality organic compost(soil), and then lightly cover the seeds with a thin layer of that same dirt. Water and wait. Start your seeds in an area that doesn't get too much sunlight. You don't want to have to constantly water them. I suggest using the Farmers Almanac "Gardening By The Moon" page to determine when to sow the seeds. This herb doesn't like transplanting too much and is a generally large plant. You'll want them well spaced. I suggest one flower pot per plant. They don't do well when crowded. You can harvest Mullein leaves all year long. Once the plant is ready to flower, it will produce a large cola shoot, which then produces tens of thousands of seeds, and flowers. The flowers have their own use in herbalism as well.
I use the seeds in DIY natural pesticide recipes. You can add it with Mint, Wormwood, and other herbs to prevent pest from eating at your plants. Mullein is a lot like Echinacea purpurea in many regards. Both are believed to be beneficial for the cold and flu by herbalists. I like to harvest fresh leaves and add them to a big boiler with Echinacea, Ginger, and even Yarrow for optimal effect. I've noticed really good results with just the leaf though. I find it especially useful for getting rid of the runny nose, sinus congestion, sore throat, and upset stomach associated with illness, but this is my "opinion". The leaves can be boiled fresh. They're so light and fluffy you could literally stuff a pillow with them. Some cultures would even smoke the leaves as an alternative to Tobacco. Trust me, it won't get you your fix though. They contain no nicotine what so ever. The herb has no psychoactive effect at all.
Turker, A. U., & Camper, N. D. (2002). Biological activity of common mullein, a medicinal plant. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 82(2-3), 117-125.
Gross, K. L. (1980). Colonization by Verbascum thapsus (mullein) of an old-field in Michigan: experiments on the effects of vegetation. The Journal of Ecology, 919-927.
Turker, A. U., & Gurel, E. (2005). Common mullein (Verbascum thapsus L.): recent advances in research. Phytotherapy Research: An International Journal Devoted to Pharmacological and Toxicological Evaluation of Natural Product Derivatives, 19(9), 733-739.