Huge List Of Ethnobotanicals Used In History

Posted by Star on Aug 23rd 2020

Huge List Of Ethnobotanicals Used In History

I will be adding more and more to this page over time. I work on it offline, and then upload the newer version. Feel free to check back again in time.

Achuma Cactus (Trichocereus bridgesii)

Achuma Cactus is a common Trichocereus strain which is closely related and phytochemically similar to San Pedro and other commonly sought after Cacti.

Acorus Calamus (Sweet Flag)

Calamus has some unique phytochemical properties that most people don't know about. See Erowid.

African Dream Herb (Entada rheedii) Oneirogen

Entada rheedii is an African Oneirogen ( dream generating substance ) This is not to be taken as a medical claim but rather cultural lore. The inside of the seed is consumed via different methods.

African (Wormwood Artemesia afra)

Wormwood contains Thujone, and is used in Absinthe recipes. When manufactured correctly, Absinthe actually glows green. It's really cool.

Amanita pantherina Mushrooms

Amanita pantherina is not to be confused with Psilocybin or Amanita muscaria. Some research suggest oneirogenic potential but they also have a dilerant classification. Some mistakenly claim they are "psychedelic" but I don't believe this is true.

Amber Incense resin

Anadenanthera colubrina [cebil; vilca; vhilca;]

A. colubrina is also known as Yopo. These seeds are utilized in Ayahuasca recipes by cultures who have the legal right to consume them. They contain "the spirit molecule" and are very fascinating to groups such as MAPS and the Edelic Center For Ethnobotanical Services.

"Majun" Entheogenic Recipe

Ashwaghanda (Withania somnifera)

Ayahuasca (Banisteriopsis Caapi)

Ayahuasca is the name of both a vine and a mixture made using this vine and other plants. It's used by the Peruvians in the Amazon for spiritual purposes. It's studied by groups like MAPS for its ethnopharmacological and therapeutic properties and potential.

Bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva ursi)

Betel Nuts (Areca Catechu)

Betel Nuts is an Asian plant stimulant. People there chew it for its euphoric effects. It's one of the most widely used substances in the region.

Bishops Cap Cactus (Astrophytum myriostigma)

Bishops Cap Cactus is similar to San Pedro and other Trichocereus strains both in a phytochemical sense and an ethnobotanical sense.

Bobinsana (Calliandra angustifolia)

Bobinsana is similar to Passion Flower and Ayahuasca, among others, because it too contains the MAOI constituents known as harmala and harmaline. It has its own unique chemicals though and has a history of use as medicine as well as for other ethnobotanical purposes.

Bokes Button Cactus epithelantha bokei (living rocks)

Bokes Button is yet another ethnobotanical Cacti that shares and has similar phytochemical constituents to that of the San Pedro and others...

California poppy (Eschscholzia californica)

California poppy has been utilized throughout history by traditional healers as an alternative to the actual Opium poppy. It's legal, doesn't contain opium, but has an interesting array of pharmacological phytochemicals within the bounds of its organic matter. This is a very interesting specimen for sure.

Camphor (tarchonanthus camphoratus)

What you know about Camphor son? :) I can't say too much..

Canary Reed Grass (Phalaris arundinacea)

Canary Reed Grass is an Ayahuasca plant, as it contains the "spirit molecule". It's not as easy to find these days as it used to be. Of course, it has herbalists applications when used by itself. Be very careful what you do with this plant as it remains in a grey area of the law.

Cancer Bush (Sutherlandia frutescens)

The Cancer bush gets its name for its obvious use.. Without making medical claims, I can tell you that some governments actually encourage the use of this for Cancer patients. In holistic traditions, it's been utilized for dealing with this deadly ailment for ages.

Cannabis Sativa; Indica

Perhaps one of the most often over-looked and misunderstood of all entheogenic plant species is the infamous Cannabis. It's often viewed as a silly recreational activity carried out by the youth, yet its spiritual and pharmacological importance is of great significance. It's my belief that a lot of users aren't "doing it right".

Kaori shichimi

Kaori shichimi is an ancient Japanese ethnobotanical / culinary recipe that utilizes multiple entheogenic plant species. It's very interesting, and also made use of Cannabis.

Coca (erythroxylaceae)

Coca is the plant that Cocaine is made from. Its prohibition has lead to the empowerment of drug gangs, dealers, cooks, and crooked politicians. Now instead of the Average American growing and cultivating their own Coca leaf, drug dealers are cooking it into crack, selling it to their children, and our government rounding them up and throwing them in cages. I think the solution is simple, legalize Coca and the epidemic will correct itself. I want to see a movement to get this plant legal and all others. Check out this petition.

Coleus blumei

This is an oneirogen and plant that you and most people have never heard of! A lot of people having it growing around their house or yard as an ornamental but have no idea that it's actually very similar to Salvia divinorum!

Copal (Bursera odorata)

Info coming soon.

Cowage (Mucuna pruriens)

Cowage is very fascinating because it literally contains serotonin, nicotine, bufotein, and l-dopa, the precursor to DOPAMINE! It's a frick'n plant that contains neurochemicals also found in your brain! This seems to be a recurring pattern throughout nature, evidence of the natural symbiosis that lovingly holds the biosphere and entire blueprints of reality together in a synchronized balance of yin, yang, and integration.


Damiana is a remarkable yellowish-orange flowering shrub that has surprisingly inebriating properties if you find the right batch. The stuff is known by herbalists to induce intense states of sexual energy in both men and women. It can be a laxative so be careful about dosage, consumption, and what you mix it with. It seems to kick up the effects of other psychoactive plants and ethnobotanicals.

Chilean holly (Desfontainia spinosa)

Desfontainia spinosa is similar to Datura, both chemically, and ethnobotanically. It's potentially very dangerous, yet some daring people out there have used it for their journeying. I don't suggest it.

Erythrina mulungu

This stuff will be popular one day. It's similar to Kratom, Coca, Khat, etc.

Erythroxylum catuaba

Again, This stuff will be popular one day. It's similar to Kratom, Coca, Khat, etc.

False Peyote (Cactus Ariocarpus fissuratus)

The name says it all. There are a lot of Cacti out there which are similar to P. and San Pedro in a phytochemical sense. They are only legal to own, posses, sell, etc for ornamental purposes. In some regions of the United States, you may have the legal right to consume them for religious purposes. It's up to you to learn about this though and use common sense and abide by all laws. This information is for research purposes only.

Fever tree (acacia xanthophloea)

2c-b.. Fever Tree is an entheogen to its native people. It's also utilized in herbalist practices for dealing with fevers. It's a very important and little known plant.

Galanga maraba

Galanga maraba is rarely mentioned in the west. It's a rare oneirogenic plant with entheogenic properties. It's mentioned in the book "Drugs Of Dreaming; Salvia Divinorum and other dream enhancing plants" I want everyone to know of its existence.

Galbulimima belgraveana

Galbulimima belgraveana is another rarely known ethnobotanical to the west. Again, it's also mentioned in the book "Drugs Of Dreaming" which is more of a book on plant pharmacology than drugs. The title can be misleading. I'm encouraging harm reduction, not the use of any type of substance here folks. Anyway this ethno is known to Papa New Gueana, where it's been traditionally consumed.

Golden Barrel Cactus (Echinocactus grusonii)

A lot of people grow this ornamentally. They don't realize that it's very similar to San Pedro and others, including Trichocereus strains. It has a history of ethnobotanical appreciation. I can't say too much about these because my lawyer encouraged me to proceed with caution.

Hawaiian Baby Woodrose Seeds (Argyreia-nervosa)

HBWR seeds are sold strictly for collectors purposes. They are not sold anywhere in the USA for human consumption. Albert hoffman had quite the interest in them though. He stated one time on a documentary that "I discovered that these alkaloids had already existed in the plant kingdom for thousands of years!" The phrase "somewhere over the rainbow" comes to mind when thinking about them. A friend of mine in the Amazon uses them legally there, where she combines Ginger, Frankincense, and Yarrow with the powdered seeds, after carefully removing the toxic coating. Check neurosoup as well for more information on these, and as well as MAPS, and the Edelic Center For Ethnobotanical Services.


Hemp is the toughest fiber on earth. It used to be a law that farmers had to grow hemp because of its benefit to the land, and the people. It literally gives back to the earth. It can be used for so many things that it's no wonder it is illegal, or was. American Hemp laws have changed! Even the seeds are consumed for their believed health benefits!

Henbane (Hyoscyamus niger; Solanaceae-Family) [BellaDonna, etc]

Henbane, Datura, and BellaDonna are all plants in the Solanaceae family. They are potentially very dangerous due to the scopolamine, tropane and other potentially toxic alkaloids! A vice documentary explains how scopolamine is actually a mind control drug! This is alarming, especially sense it's 100% legal in the USA. Makes you wonder doesn't it? I want to discourage anyone looking for a good time who plans to consume these. Don't do it, they can kill you and will not give you a good time. In homeopathic medicine however; they are used with the Ardn't Shulz law in mind, as a medicine. I'm not making medical claims, just telling you what some alternative healers practice.

Hookers Lips (Psychotria elata)

This is a Chacruna alternative ( Psychotria viridis ) which also contains the same phytochemicals. It's used by the Shamans of Peru in Ayahuasca ceremonies. I was one of the first people to make this plant known to the west. I hope to see it popping up in shops all across the country. It's very easy to grow!

Hops (Humulus lupulus)

Hops is related to Cannabis. It actually has a slight Marijuana smell to it. It has its own unique inebriating properties, hints its use in beer. If you've ever noticed, Beer from the Dutch or Netherlands has almost a Cannabis aroma to it, because they are really particular about the quality and quantity of hops that goes into their beer. On its own, herbalists use it for sleep, anxiety, insomnia, etc. It can be thought of as similar to Cannabis Indica. It has a very soothing effect according to holistic healers.

Iboga (Tabernanthe iboga)

Iboga contains Ibogaine, which is illegal in the USA. I did want to mention the actual plant though. I'm not encouraging illegal behavior but this is a famous ethnobotanical around the world and deserves to be recognized. In regions of the world where it's legal, it's used to treat drug addiction. Groups such as MAPS are working to legitimize its use with their academic research on the plant. They want to see it being utilized legally across the globe. I support them. If you live in a region of the world where the seeds are legal, then you can purchase Iboga seeds here. You agree by ordering from those guys that you are not breaking the law where you live and you keep me out of it.

Ilex guayusa

This is an Amazonian oneirogen, utilized in lucid dream practices. Lucid dreaming is the art of recognizing that you're dreaming as it's happening. It's very liberating and can literally allow you to make use of the years of your life that you sleep. You can essentially live twice as long by being aware of your nightly psychological explorations, also know as dreams.


Imphepho is an African medicine and oneirogen.

Indian Tobacco

Indian Tobacco doesn't contain Nicotine, but was often smoked by Native American tribes as an alternative. It's similar to Mullein, according to herbalists, and has been used for quitting real Tobacco, and for lung related ailments. Some mix it with Mullein and other herbs for use as an herbal cigarette.

Indian Warrior

Indian Warrior is something that when people try it, they keep buying it. It's a flower that produces buds similar to Cannabis. This isn't a spice hint, and it's not a designer drug. It is something that has soothing relaxing properties, and is reported commonly by people on Erowid that it lifts their mood and makes them feel good. The quality greatly varies and it is rather hard to find.

Inebriating Mint

This is a very rarely known entheogen. It's actually mentioned in a book by Shulz and Albert Hoffman. They were very much interested in its psychoactive potential. It's very hard to find the real thing. I'd love to stock it in the shop. It's used in some regions of the world on special occasions, sort of like Alcohol, but different. It sounds really good. The name indicates its cultural use.

Intellect Tree

This is a tree which is said to be better than Ginkgo Biloba for memory. It's believed in folk lore to induce intense intellectual states of mind. I personally use it as an oneirogen, because I believe that anything which can help me recall my dreams, may as well be stimulating them. Memory isn't just the past, it's the art of storing away within our being, the now.


Iporuru is an Ayahuasca plant. It was used by its self by traditional cultures. You can actually find it on Amazon believe it or not. It's sold for its believed medicinal benefits. You can find it in capsule form. I don't think there are any other shops online selling it. I will eventually try to stock some of it.

Kanna (Sceletium tortuosum)

Kanna is an SSRI. Because of this, you should be very careful with it and especially if you plan on mixing it with something. It gives an intense sense of euphoria and mood elevation, followed by a relaxing calmness, followed by sleepiness. This is from my experience. It's really cool stuff, and is up there with Kratom and Coca in my experience, in terms of how much you actually notice its effects. The flowers are really tripped out as well. It has a vast history of use among different cultures.

Kawa Kawa (Macropiper excelsum)

Kawa Kawa is also known as False Kava, because it's used in a similar fashion but isn't really Kava.

Khat (Catha edulis)

Sadly, Khat was banned in the USA back in 1993. It was also banned in the UK. We need a movement to legalize it. In some areas of the world, it's still legal. Lucky for them. It's a stimulant similar to Coca, Khat, Betel Nuts, etc. If you live some place where it's legal, then you can Buy Khat Seeds. If not, don't bother.

Klip Dagga

Kola Nut

Kola nut is a natural stimulant which contains Caffeine, and a very memorable flavor. It was used in the original Coca Cola recipe along with Coca leaf extracts, and other natural ingredients! I wish I could try that. It sounds incredible. The Kola nut is legal in the USA.

Valerian is a natural sedative. It's often been called "Natures Valium" do to the euphoric, calming, and sedative effects that it has been reported to have on human beings. Some use it to help them sleep, some use it in the same fashion as Kratom, for pain. It has a rather pungent aroma though which most people agree isn't pleasant to smell. Be warned of this. I prefer it in a capsule, or extract.

Voacanga africana (An Iboga alternative)

Voacanga contains phytochemical constituents which are nearly identical to Ibogaine! It also shares some interesting similarities with Yohimbe, and Kratom! This doesn't mean they are the same, but some claim that both are useful for the same thing. It should be noted that Voacanga is used as a poison as well in Ghana. Skilled holistic practitioners utilize the Ardn't Shulz rule when using it as a sacred medicine for healing. It's a very interesting ethnobotanical.

White Lotus (Nymphaea ampla)

Plenty of people have heard of the Blue lotus, or "Sacred Lilly Of The Nile", but it has several relatives which all also contain interesting and inebriating phytochemicals. There were actually some pharma vendors selling pure constituents extracted from these plants online for a while.. I bet they are still there. For whatever reason they're not considered "research chemicals" and you can still get them I think, they are legal I do believe. It's said to be an aphrodisiac and herbal mixtures containing all of the different colored flowers are very fascinating.

Wild Dagga (Leonotis leonurus)

Wild Dagga is a plant that I've been researching and interested in for some time. In a nutt-shell, unless you grow your own, harvest fresh hash-like trichromes from the flowers, then it's not too much worth while in the terms of getting a buzz. If you grow it though, you can use the same bubble hash making method that Cannabis producers use to capture hash from flowers using ice, water, and filters, to capture a hashish like substances found on the flowers of this plant. It's rather enjoyable. It also has anti-histamine uses in herbalism, and contains an array of interesting pharmacological phytochemicals according to academic research.

Wild Yam (Dioscorea dregeana)

Wild Yam is literally the plant that birth control medicine is made from. So don't use this is you're pregnant, or trying to get pregnant. In Africa it's utilized as a powerful sedative that they give to "psychotic" patients. It's something that will calm you down quick. Similar to Kava in this sense, it's also utilized by herbalists for helping you to fall asleep with ease and comfort. Some consider it a recreational relaxant, others strictly a medicine to be used when need be. Some go as far as to call it an herbal tranquilizer.

Xhosa Dream Root (Silene capensis)

Xhosa Dream Root is an oneirogen and popular ethnobotanical in Africa. There, it's used to "communicate with the ancestors", induce vivid, prophetic, and lucid dreams, and as a powerful medicine. It's pharmacological constituents are not that well researched yet, unlike many others before it. I would encourage anyone who's a phytochemist to study this one so we can get some good academic citations going in the blogosphere.

Yerba Mate (Ilex paraguariensis)

Yerba Mate is another natural stimulant. This is one of many that contains Caffeine. It sets it apart from others like Khat, Coca, Kratom, and Betel Nuts. The effects are a little different from Coffee and the others though. It does contain some unique and interesting phytochemicals. There are Yerba Mate shops popping up in certain areas around the United States. I want to see a movement to legalize Khat and other plants. Check out this page.

I'm in the process of adding citations for each item below. The information herein is 100% accurate, and I've wrote about all of these plants before and cited references on them on my other products, from academic sources. Thanks.